The Ball python is a relatively shy and stress – sensitive snake and there not for beginner in the terrarium. Frequently, problems such as moles, respiratory diseases or parasitic infestations.
Also underestimate holders that the kingspython is quite aggressive Behaviors and can try to bite his holder. The kingspython is like all snakes carnivor (carnivorous) and needs to nourish Fodder animals (e.g., mice). This is a serious ethical problem from an animal welfare perspective and leads to the conclusion that snake-keeping should in principle be dispensed with. feeding animals can be fed as frost feed, but this is always the case questioning,
Where the fodder animals come from, how they were lodged and how they were killed. It coming Unfortunately again and again before that live animals are frozen or with insufficient methods to be killed. However, there are also snakes that eat only live fodder or freshly dead food. often have to Then the holders themselves kill the feed animals before feeding. This is from animal protection complete Because there is no obligation for the serpent, first one Training Visit, where an animal-friendly killing of a vertebrate is learned. So try Laypeople at this challenge, which in many cases leads to the feed animals under Inflicted by pain and suffering. Also, a living animal feed into the terrarium represents an ethical Challenge The mice or rats has no possibility of escape, as in the free nature of the Case would be. It is helpless to the robber. Depending on how hungry the snake is, it comes Before that Feed animals are not immediately killed, but instead for a time in the terrarium. Conversely, snakes have been hurt by fodder animals, which is why they are never used Unobserved in the terrarium. In addition, it is repeatedly shown that fodder animals are not kept in the right way, but rather as Animals of the second class.
In the case of lighting and heat sources, care must always be taken to ensure that this large heat And the direct contact between the animal and the light / heat source is avoided got to, Because otherwise severe burns may occur. A protective grille around the radiators can here Protection. Among the snakes is the kingspython of the importers. Between 2010 and 2012 Were over 20,000 animals introduced to Germany, including wild animals, but mostly animals From so Called ranching from Ghana and Togo and some offspring Animals from such ranching facilities are problematic. On the one hand the facilities Are often bad in terms of their animal welfare standards. On the other hand, the snakes are frequent Nourished / dehydrated, since the animals before export from the country of origin no more lined And also at the dealer this z.T. Is not made up. In addition, the animals are, Specialists in food (they can not, for example, adapt to dead animals or persist e.g. Mice of a particular color). Wild catches are to be rejected in any case. They are often infected with parasites (ecto- and Endoparasites) are under stress, and are difficult to live a life in captivity too used to. General: The kingspython comes from the western and central parts of Africa and occurs before In this place; Dry pastures and agricultural areas, but also in tropical areas Forests and the Rainforest, in temperature extremes between 16 and 43 ° C. It can be clearly over 20 Years old (35 years in good condition, maximum age 48 years). Are kingspythons Dusk and night active. During the day, they mostly stay in hiding places. As young animals They like to climb, with increasing age they spend more time on the ground. In English will the kingspython called “ball python” because the snake at threat to a ball and thus protects the head from attackers.
Kingspythons are strong to thickly built and look rather generally plump. You own one wide head with rounded muzzle, but distinct from the body by a slender neck is discontinued. After the hatching, the snakes measure only 20 – 30 cm. Average become Adult animals 90 – 120 cm long (but can also reach 150 cm, size record 225 Cm), wherein Females tend to become larger than males. Protection status: Is in Annex B of the EU-Species Protection Ordinance and it must be a proof of origin be carried out. However, there is no obligation to notify the competent authority. socialization: Königspythons are solitary in nature, so this form of keeping recommends. A Socialization with animals of other species is from health, but also from behavioral reasons, rejected.
The 1997 “Opinion on the Minimum Requirements for the Attitude of Reptiles “from the Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Forestry lays down for kingspythons terrarium size of at least 1.0 x 0.5 x 0.75 (L x T x H). The factors must be in each case with the Body length of the snake. For every other animal must measure all dimensions 20% become. Even if the kingspython is not an extremely agile animal, should the Dimensions for a terrarium of animal protection for adult animals, however, at least 200x100x150cm be. The sides and back walls should be protected by cork boards or similar. Visual protection. It is important Structuring, so climbing possibilities (branches, roots, stones) should be several hiding places (Plastic caves, inverted clay bowls, planting) and a water basin, into which the animal Completely inserted, available. The size of the hiding places should be so designed Be that The animals can keep close contact with the walls. Also, these hiding places Slightly moist being held. Suitable as a bottom base is an absorbent substrate, e.g. Mulch or Sawdust. Both should be as dust-free as possible and without chemical preservation or Impregnating fabrics. The litter should be slightly moist in one place, but not over the entire terrarium Since, becausebei, In the case of stunts in the area of the abdomen, bacterial or mycotic inflammation develop (Recognizable by brownish-bloody discoloration of the scales) or the substrate mold starts. Gravel or sand have not proven themselves, gravel stores too little moisture and Sand can To be sharp-edged.
There should be in the terrarium a so-called wetbox (a box covered with moist sphagnum moss Is filled And into which the snake can retreat) in a warmer area of the terrarium placed become. The snake gets moisture in this place if the humidity is too high Is low. Especially with the moulting is such a box helpful. Requirements for climate design: The ambient temperature should be between 26 ° -29 ° C with local zones Warm up of 31 Up to 35 ° C. A night reduction to approx. 25 ° C should take place. During the day the terrarium 12 hours Be illuminated. At night is to forego a lighting, so that the nocturnal Animals theirs Natural rhythm. Even though many authors claim snakes In the Contrary to other reptiles no UV light, others recommend, however, this ready too As, thanwie, The snakes are thus more active and vital. Nutrition: Kingspythons are preyers and consume their beasts of prey completely. As feed animals are Rodents and Small birds (mice, young rats, etc.). Frequently, however, are kingpythons food specialists And eat, for example, exclusively brown gerbils. This is especially the case, If you Or even in ranching animals and in their natural habitat e.g. tan Mice live. Wild animals and ranching animals are generally more difficult to feed in the terrarium used to. Approximately Every 7 – 14 days, 2 mice or a rat should be fed in adult snakes. young animals Are fed every 5 to 7 days with approximately 2 Babymäusen (Springer). The appropriate size of a feed the beast can be determined by the width of the body center. This should be somewhat wider in the feed animal As, thanwie, Body of the kingspython, so that after consumption of the animal a moderate thickening having. In to more frequent feeding can lead to fatty degeneration of the snakes. A vitamin or mineral deficiencies can arise when the gastrointestinal tract of the feed animals is not sufficiently vegetable food contains. Rodents that have been frozen for more than six months have also reduced one Vitamin content. Since the digestion enzymes are temperature-dependent, the ambient temperature must be warm to be enough So that the food can be completely digested and resorbed. The digestive processes begin At 10 ° C and reach their maximum capacity at 30 ° C. If the temperature is too low, it That the feed is staggered by the snake or the Feed intake completely Is denied. If the temperature is too high, the fodder rotates faster than it digests can be And gases can be formed which inflate the snakes and lead to vomiting can. King pythons should always be in the late evening / early night hours and separated lined As there may be two snakes in the feeding feed animals And possibly snake the snake together with the feeding animal. An adaptation to feeding with dead fodder animals can be expensive, but is in the rule With patience and empathy. The water intake takes place over the pool. That ‘s why it’ s good water hygiene And frequent water changes. Hibernation: The topic of winter rest is controversial among kingspythons. To the normal yearly rhythm of wild kingpythons would be appropriate for about 2 months temperature During the day to about 30 ° C and to reduce to 20 ° C during the night Winter months (in Ghana these are in our summer months, the animals are however on our year cycle To adjust) the humidity should be somewhat reduced. The feeding can be done in this time become. Fresh drinking water must nevertheless be available at all times. moult King phythons skinned each other at certain intervals. Usually hangs The molt With the regular growth together, but sometimes with illnesses or Injury. It is useful to be able to read the skins of his animal in order to ascertain if it Deviations from the normal rhythm. Young animals were skinned about every four to eight Weeks, depending The animals become older, the larger the distances between the skins. Of the The hay process itself takes 10 – 14 days. During the moulting the snake behaves very quiet And stop feeding. Moistening problems can be caused by too low atmospheric humidity or Health problems.
Before the kingpythons are socialized, three samples of the faeces (2-4 weeks) Have been investigated for parasites. Also applicable to external parasites (e.g., mites) and more Diseases.
– Barop, S.I. (2011): Tierschutzaspekte bei der Schlangenhaltung unter besonderer
Berücksichtigung der Lebendfütterung. Diss. Vet.med. München.
– BfN: CITES Jahresstatistik 2010
– BNA Schulungsordner Terraristik (2004)
– Gorzula, S.; Nsiah W. O.; Oduro, W. (1997): Survey of the Status and Management of the Royal
Python (Python regius) in Ghana. Part 1. Report for CITES
– Hand, M.S.; Remillard, R.L.; Roudebush, P.; Thatcher, C.D. (Hrsg.) (2002): Klinische Diätetik für
Kleintiere. 4. Auflage, Schlütersche GmbH und Co, Hannover. ISBN 3-7825-0436-4.
– Kölle, P. (Hrsg) (2004): Schlangen. Franckh-Kosmos Verlags-Gmbh & Co, Stuttgart. ISBN 3-440-
– Luiselli, L.; Angelici, F. M. (1998): Sexual size dimorphism and natural history traits are correlated
with intersexual dietary divergence in royal pythons (Python regius) from the rainforests of
southeastern Nigeria. Italian Journal of Zoology 65: 183–185
– McCurley Kevin (2011): Python regius – Das Kompendium. Chimaira Buchgesellschaft mbH,
Frankfurt a. Main, 2. Auflage, ISBN 978-3-89973-458-4
Translation Heike Krüger, edit www.terraristik.cz